Know Your Christmas Tree

There are basically five types of trees that are sold as christmas trees.

  • Nordmann fir
  • Spruce
  • Blue spruce
  • Nobilis
  • Omorika

Nordmann Fir (Fir)

Latin name: Abies nordmanniana.

Needle: Long, shiny and soft needles in a strong green color.

Appearance: Green and lush with a long, smooth tribe. The branches sitting right out from the trunk and typically fairly close to the bottom, but more sparingly in the top.

Durability: Lasts longer than many of the other grain types – also indoors.

In addition: Also called silver fir, and originally from Georgia. Products were exported to Europe in the early 1900s. This type of tree is becoming more and more popular at home and have taken over first place from the classic spruce.


Latin name: Picea abies.

Needle: Short needles, 1-2 centimeters, with prickly spikes.

Appearance: Dense tree with upward branches spread evenly. The strain is red-brown with structure.

Durability: Not as duable as Norman fir and noble fir, so it cannot be cut until just before christmas.

Besides: Spruce is the traditional Danish election and the wood which first became popular in Denmark. The world is from Hans Christian Andersen’s “The Fir Tree” and has, arguably, the right, distinctive Christmas tree fragrance.

Blue spruce

Latin name: Picea pungens.

Needle: Stabbing needles with a bluish tinge.

Appearance: The tree shape is rather like a small pyramid or triangle with wide base and long strain at the top.

Stability: not one of the most durable types, but can be taken into the room in a pot so the root is preserved and it can be planted again after Christmas.

Besides: Not very popular here but some blue spruce are sold in Germany, where they just made into smaller versions planted in a pot.


Latin name: Abies procera.

Needles: Tight-fitting, long needles of about 3 centimeters.

Appearance: The tree has a silver tone and a smooth, light gray stem with lateral branches spread harmonious when the tree has grown really well.

Durability: The most durable choice and can easily vouch throughout December – especially in a tree stand with water.

Besides: Nobilis is more expensive than the other types of wood, especially because it requires a lot of care in cultivation and is hard to get to grow nicely in Denmark.


Latin name: Picea Omorika.

Needle: Dark green needles with a white stripe on the bottom.

Appearance: A long, slender timber with ascending branches and a narrow shape. Omorika very similar to Norway spruce, but is slimmer and darker.

Durability: Low durability – like spruce – significantly shorter time indoors than, for example Norman fir and noble fir.

In addition: Also called Serbian pillar fir because of its tall and narrow shape that lends itself well to smaller homes.